The residential towers development in the Tushino district of Moscow provides a new mixed-use center filled with housing, social spaces, a kindergarten and an elementary school on a former paratrooper airfield.
Tushino is located in north-western Moscow along the bank of the Moscow River. For the greater part of the 20th century, the historic site was home to a flying and parachuting school, including the Central Aero Club of the USSR, and acted as an aviation parade ground. In the early 2000s, city officials proposed turning the uninhabited district into an 200,000-square-meter urban center for housing, commerce, offices, entertainment and sports.
Steven Holl Architects, in collaboration with Art-Group "Kamen," proposes a new building typology, “Parachute Hybrids,” which combines residential bar and slab structures with supplemental programming suspended in sections above, like parachutes frozen in the sky. Large circular openings in the towers’ facades give a defining geometric character and express health and social spaces. The master plan is organized to shape public space with maximum sunlight exposure. The buildings wrap around to create large, public garden and playground spaces as a reference to the site’s former use as a paratrooper air field.
The project also emphasizes the importance of a comfortable living environment, incorporating rich infrastructure and education spaces into the programming. The new kindergarten and elementary school are designed to stand alone in architecturally distinct buildings that take advantage of natural light and green space. The housing complex will also contain amenities such as health spas, pools, cafés and lounges. Tushino will have a mix of housing types and will provide homes for all economic brackets.
- Green roofs- Natural lighting- Rainwater recycling- Geothermal heating and cooling- Thin section façade of operable glass insulates buildings in winter and creates open balconies in warmer months- Eco corridors, undisurbed by automotive traffic, run through the site and connect to the Moscow River